Level 4: High Speed Rail and Infrastructure Technician

Image shows a high speed rail in black and white.

Fascinated by the field of high speed rail? Are you interested in getting involved with some hands-on experience whilst also gaining a reputable qualification? If so, the Level 4 High Speed Rail and Infrastructure Technician (HSRI) Degree will be perfect for you. This apprenticeship is ideal for anyone with the interest in high speed rail, whether you have just finished school or you’re looking for a new job opportunity.

The Role of a HSR Technician

High-speed rail is a specialist area of work and has job roles such as civil engineers, higher technicians in track, power and infrastructure, and operations managers. A HSRI Advanced technician has to provide technical solutions within the construction, maintenance and operations of a high-speed railway. Whilst on your apprenticeship you will be responsible for the safe design, construction, installation, maintenance and operation of a high-speed railway providing both a safe and reliable service for the customers. Throughout your apprenticeship you will develop skills and knowledge relating to high speed/conventional networks and infrastructure in order to manage the interface between the systems.

Core Technical Knowledge, Skills & Behaviours


  • Firstly, health and safety regulations pertaining to track
  • Identification, avoidance and mitigation of safety and health risks in design, construction, operation, maintenance and decommissioning
  • The factors of a track system, especially as applied to HSR
  • The differences between conventional and high speed track and the interfaces between the two systems
  • The essentials of constructing properly supported track bed
  • The impact of alignment, hydrodynamics (chiefly drainage) and geotechnics on track
  • Track geometry and the influence of speed
  • Impact of assets and structures on the track system
  • Processes associated with the planning, design, construction, monitoring, ongoing inspection, maintenance, renewal, repair and failure mechanisms of track
  • Manufacturing and construction methodology behind track
  • The range and use of specialist equipment and plant for track
  • The necessity of designing, planning, coordinating and supervising temporary works;
  • Lastly, environmental impact of the whole track lifecycle


  • Engage in processes that identify, avoid and mitigate safety and health risks in design and construction
  • Apply safety and health practice during planned and unplanned activities across the track lifecycle
  • Comply with legislation, processes and standards relating to the planning, design, construction, monitoring, maintenance, renewal, repair, manufacturing and construction methodology, disposal and environmental impact of track
  • Contribute to the design, construction, monitoring, maintenance, renewal, repair and decommissioning of track
  • Contribute to determining appropriate manufacturing and construction methodologies, including the decommissioning and environmental impact of track
  • Produce and interpret detailed technical documents, including the application of BIM and other regulated information systems
  • Account for the impact of alignments and geotechnics on track design, construction, maintenance and final system needs
  • Contribute to testing and commissioning including integration with other systems


  • Keeps a safe secure and healthy working environment through personal responsibility and behaviour
  • Is customer focused and is dedicated to improving the customer experience
  • Effective self-manage, prioritise and a proactively approaches work and continuous professional development.
  • Effectively lead
  • Acts professionally, shows commitment to the industry and employer, and is an effective ambassador for the employer
  • Is committed to equality, diversity and inclusion, and act ethically with integrity and respect
  • Works flexibly, embraces change, handles ambiguity and accepts new ideas and ways of working
  • Uses effective communication skills to work collaboratively and to exchange constructive feedback

Entry Criteria for a Level 4 HSRI Technician

Thinking there’s a catch? Well there isn’t! Employers are mostly only requiring 5 GCSEs including both English and Maths. In addition to this, they would like to see A-levels, including maths or physics, or a BTEC. Upon completion, you will receive a Level 4 (Higher), which is equivalent to a foundation degree. Maximum funding for the apprenticeship will be £21,000, with a potential salary of £25,000 pa, once completed.

However, if you haven’t got your level 2 English and Maths certificates you will be able to do so before your end-point assessment.

For more information on apprenticeships take a look at our website

A woman writing on paper with a pen
A woman writing on paper with a pen


Whether you’re looking to start a career or even just grow your skills in the High Speed Rail and Infrastructure, this apprenticeship will help you to learn some valuable, useful skills. You may even want to see what else is out there, feel free to explore some different apprenticeships we have to offer in the engineering and marketing field.

More information on Engineering and Manufacturing opportunities can be found here.

If you would like to stay up to date with the latest Apprenticeship news follow us on LinkedIn and Twitter.

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Feel free to get in touch with us if you have any questions or queries in regards to apprenticeships.

How to Do an SEO Audit: The Ultimate Checklist

Scrabble letters spelling 'SEO'

Let’s face it, there are lots of complex SEO terminology out there, ranging from alt tags to backlinks. Some may be easier to figure out than others, but we are here to help you with this. We’ve chosen 5 core pillars of an SEO audit, to ensure your website is always optimised and ranking high.

What is SEO?

Let’s start simple, what even is SEO you ask? Well…SEO stands for Search Engine Optimisation, otherwise known as organic search. It’s the process of improving ranking, visibility and user experience of your online content. This can be done by generating links, writing content and updating the overall layout of your website. The search engine algorithms will then analyse your content, looking at whether it is high quality and trustworthy. You should always optimise your website for your user, not for the search engine, as they will cause you to rank well. Learn more about SEO by taking a look at the other blogs we have.

Core Pillars of an SEO Audit

1. Keywords

Keywords are ideas and topics that define what your content is about. In order to ensure you attract the right customers to your website, you should be using relevant keywords/phrases. There are certain situations where keywords should be used, that I will explain:

  • Content: You have to be careful not to ‘keyword stuff’, meaning don’t overdo it with the keywords in hopes for a better ranking. You should always ensure that the keywords in your written content aren’t over 2.5%, here is a formula to help: keywords/total word count x 100. The end figure should give you your percentage.
  • Meta’s: In your metadata (title and description) make sure you add relevant keywords, to target your customers.
  • Image titles/Alt Tags: Make sure you always add a description under your image, for visually impaired users. They should be short, descriptive and relevant, this is very important for google and rankings.
  • Search/User Intent: Try and look for content opportunities outside your target words in order to attract other people than your regular customers.

2. Technical SEO

Here’s a more in-depth look at the technical aspects of SEO, things that are vital, but may be overlooked:

  • Indexing: You should ensure that your page is indexed, if it has a no index tag it will be very difficult for your customers to find you upon a regular search.
  • Site Ranking: Try and find the ranking of your site. To do this, go into incognito mode and search your main keywords, once you have done this change the google settings to 100. Ideally your site ranking should be within the first 100, if not you need to change what you’re doing to improve this.
  • Site Speed: Did you know that 40% users will leave if the website takes more than 3 seconds to load? You need to optimise your site to ensure your images and site loading speed are very quick. Use Google’s free tool ‘Page Speed Insights’ in order to figure this out.
  • SSL Certificate: A Secure Socket Layer is important on all websites as it shows your customers that your site is verified and safe from hackers. It is also the easiest thing to do in order to boost your SEO
  • Mobile Optimisation: Considering more and more people are using mobiles to browse instead of their computers, is a vital feature to have for all websites. Your website should be as good on mobile as it is on desktop, this may mean that you will have to create a mobile version of your site. It will seem like a pain at the start but it will pay off, due to your customers’ satisfactions.

3. User Experience

As previously mentioned you are optimising your website for the user, not the search engine, so you should be doing everything to ensure they have an easy, smooth experience.

  • Useful: The content on your site should be original, it should fulfil a need and provide value, if it isn’t relevant, remove it from your pages.
  • Usable: You need to ensure that your site is easy to use and simple to navigate around. If the user doesn’t know how to get to the next page, they are most likely to leave. They should be able to get around your site with ease and find what they need to without any issues.
  • Accessible: Content on your pages need to be accessible to people with disabilities, always add alt text, allow users to enlarge the font and keep contrast sensitivity in mind.
  • Aesthetically Pleasing: First impressions are big with a website, is your site appealing and inviting to use? It should be pleasing to the eye, with a colour scheme that doesn’t clash, use relevant images, ensure navigation is easy to use and never forget to add white space.
  • User Journey: Does it flow? Are there any CTA’s (call to actions)? The user should be directed to follow a journey, without their knowledge. Use inviting CTA’s such as ‘SHOP NOW’, ‘LEARN MORE’, ‘SIGN UP’, as it tells them what to do as well as inviting them to do so. Secondly, ensure that their experience flows, it should be smooth and not random, provide relevant links, and always provide simple, easy to use navigation.

4. Content

There are a few things you need to consider when writing content for your website…

  • Quality: Create a posting schedule, so you know what is going up and when it is. This was you can ensure fresh content, always research relevant keywords for the pieces you’re writing.
  • Quantity: Every website should have AT LEAST 500 words, this will ensure a higher position in Google (2000 is the best).
  • Keyword Density: NO keyword stuffing
  • Where do I look for content? You should have relevant content on your homepage, and if you have a blog make sure it is easy for the user to find.

5. Links

  • Internal: Links that navigate to other pages on the same domain
  • External: Links that navigate to external pages on a different domain
  • Backlinks: External domain linking to your page

Essential Tools for an SEO Audit

A computer showing SEO facts and figures
A computer showing SEO facts and figures

Here are some useful tools for when you’re conducting your SEO audit, there are many more that are available but these are the ones I find useful:

1. Backlinks Tools:

2. Keyword Research Tools:

3. SEO Audit Tools:

Proposing New Tools and Strategies

It can be daunting trying to propose new tools or strategies to your team, however, it shouldn’t be. If you follow these steps and provide them will correct data and evidence, they will take your considerations onboard.

  1. Identify the problem
  2. How can it be solved
  3. Cost benefit analysis
  4. Facts and stats
  5. Provide options
  6. Be confident

To Conclude Your SEO Audit

We hope that our ultimate SEO audit guide will help you to optimise your site and achieve higher rankings. Hopefully it becomes your ‘go to’ post when performing your audits, as everyone need a holy grail post. If you take these points into consideration when checking through your SEO you should be flying high in all things SEO. Remember, always optimise for the user, goodbye and good luck!

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